What Exactly Is Cancer?

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The term cancer is used for diseases were abnormal cells divide without control and are able to attack other tissues. Cancer cells spread throughout the body by the blood and lymph systems.

Cancer is not just a single disease but many diseases. It is documented that there are more than 100 different kinds of cancer. Cancers are usually named after the organ or type of cell in which they start. Example, cancer that begins in basal cells of the skin is called basal cell carcinoma and cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer.

The main categories of cancer include:

  • Carcinoma is a type of cancer that starts in the skin or in tissues that cover internal organs.
  • Myeloma or Lymphoma are cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system.
  • Leukemia is a cancer that begins in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood.
  • Sarcoma is a type of cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.
  • Central nervous system cancers are cancers that begin in the tissues of the spinal cord or brain.

The body’s basic unit of life is a cell and this is where all cancers begin. The human body is made up of many different types of cells. Cells grow and multiply in a controlled manner to produce more cells as they are needed to keep the body strong and healthy. When cells become damaged or old they die and are replaced with new cells.

However, sometimes this controlled process goes haywire. The genetic material called DNA of a cell can become changed or damaged. This produces mutations that change normal cell growth and division. When this occurs, cells do not die when they’re supposed to and new cells form when the body does not require them. These extra cells can form a mass of tissue called a tumor.

Not every tumor becomes cancerous; tumors can be benign or malignant. Tumors that are benign aren’t cancerous. Often they are removed and in the majority of cases, they do not come back and do not spread to other parts of the body.

In contrast malignant tumors are cancerous. The cells in these tumors can attack nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. When cancer spreads from one part of the body to another it is called metastasis. Some types of cancers do not form tumors. For example, leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow and blood.

Below are listed towns of New York State and New York City where I provide phone consultation and in-office visits for Cancer.

* Adelaide,     * Airmont    * Akron,     * Albany,    * Albertson,    * Albion,    * Alexandria Bay,     * Alfred,    * Allegany,    * Altamont, NY   *Amherst, NY    * Amityville, NY   * Amsterdam,     * Apalachin,    * Appleton,   Aquebogue,     * Arcade,     * Ardsley,     * Armonk,     * Arverne,     * Astoria,    * Attica,     * Auburn,     * Babylon,     * Baldwin,     * Baldwinsville,     * Ballston Lake,     * Ballston Spa,     * Barryville,    * Batavia,     * Bath,    * Bay Shore,    * Bayport, NY    * Bayside,     * Bayville,    * Beacon,     * Bedford,     * Bellmore,     * Bellport,     * Bethlehem,    * Bethpage,     * Billings,     * Binghamton,     * Blauvelt,     * Bloomfield,    * Blue Point,     * Bohemia,    * Brentwood,     * Brewerton,    * Brewster,     Briarcliff Manor,     * Bridgehampton,    * Brightwaters,    * Broadalbin,   * Brockport, NY   * Bronx,    * Bronxville,    * Brooklyn, NY    * Buffalo, NY    * Burnt Hills, NY    * Callicoon, NY    * Cambria Heights, NY    * Cambridge, NY   Camden, NY    * Camillus, NY    * Canaan, NY    * Canajoharie, NY    * Canandaigua, NY    * Canastota, NY    * Canton, NY    * Carmel, NY    * Carthage, NY    * Cassadaga, NY    * Castleton on Hudson, NY    * Catskill, NY    * Cazenovia, NY   * Cedarhurst, NY   * Center Moriches, NY    * Centereach    * Centerport,     * Central Islip,    * Chappaqua,    * Chatham,    * Cheektowaga,     * Chester    * Circleville    * Clarence    * Claverack, NY    * Clifton Park, NY    * Clifton Springs, NY    * Clinton, NY    * Clinton Corners, NY    * Clymer, NY    * Cobleskill, NY    * Cohoes, NY    * Cold Spring, NY   * College Point   * Collins, NY   * Commack, NY    * Congers,     * Cooperstown    * Corinth,    * Corning,    * Corona,     * Cortland,    * Cortlandt Manor,    * Cross River,    * Croton on Hudson    * CrownPoint,    * Cuba,    * Dansville,     * Deer Park,    * Delhi    * Delmar, NY   * Denver,     * Depew,    * Derby,    * Dix Hills    * Dobbs Ferry,    * Dover Plains, NY    * Dunkirk, NY    * East Amherst, NY    * East Aurora, NY    * East Elmhurst,     * East Greenbush    * East Hampton, NY    * East Islip,     * East Marion,    * East Meadow,     * East Northport    * East Rochester,    * East Rockaway    * East Setauket,    * East Syracuse,     * East Yaphank,    * Eden,    * Edwards,    * Elizabethtown,     * Elizaville,     * Ellenville,     * Elma,     * Elmhurst,     * Elmira,     * Elmont * Elmsford, NY    * Endicott, NY    * Evans Mills, NY    * Fairport, NY    * Falconer, NY    * Fallsburg, NY    * Far Rockaway, NY    * Farmingdale, NY    * Farmingville, NY   * Fayetteville, NY    * Fishers,    * Fishkill,    * Floral Park,     * Florida,    * Flushing,    * Forest Hills,    * Fort Drum,   * Franklin Square,     * Franklinville,    * Freeport    * Freeville    * Fresh Meadows   * Fulton    * Fultonville   * Gansevoort, NY   * Garden City, NY    * Garrison, NY    * Geneseo, NY    * Geneva, NY    * Germantown, NY    * Getzville, NY   * Glen Cove, NY    * Glen Head, NY    * Glen Oaks, NY    * Glens FallsY    * Glenville,     * Gloversville,     * Goshen,    * Gouverneur,     * Gowanda,    * Grand Island,     * Granville,    * Great Neck,     * Greenport,     * Greenvale * Groton, NY   * Guilderland,     * Hamburg,     * Hamden    * Hammond    * Hampton Bays, NY   * Hancock, NY    * Hannibal, ,    * Hartsdale,    * Hastings on Hudson,     * Hauppauge,    * Haverstraw,    * Hawthorne    * Hemlock, NY    * Hempstead, NY    * Henrietta, NY    * Herkimer,    * Hewlett,    * Hicksville,    * Highland    * Highland Mills,    * Hilton,   * Hogansburg, NY    * Hollis, NY    * Holtsville,     * Honeoye,    * Honeoye Falls,    * Hoosick Falls,    * Hopewell Junction,     * Hornell,    * Howard Beach,     * Hudson,    * Hudson Falls,     * Hunt,    * Huntington,    * Huntington Station,     * Hurley,    * Ilion,    * Indian Lake, NY    * Irving, NY    * Islandia, NY    * Islip, NY   * Islip Terrace, NY    * Ithaca, NY    * Jackson Heights, NY   * Jamaica,    * Jamestown, NY   * Jamesville,    * Jericho,    * Johnsburg, NY    * Johnson City    * Johnstown    * Katonah,     * Kenmore,    * Kerhonkson,    * Keuka Park,    * Kew Gardens,    * Kinderhook,     * Kings Park,    * Kingston,    * La Fayette,    * Lake George,    * Lake Grove, NY    * Lake Katrine, NY   * Lake Placid, NY    * Lake Pleasant, NY    * Lake Ronkonkoma,     * Lakewood,    * Lancaster,    * Lansing,    * Larchmont,     * Latham,    * Lawrence, NY    * Le Roy,     * Levittown,     * Lewiston,     * Liberty,     * Lincolndale,     * Lindenhurst,     * Little Falls,     * Little Neck,     * Liverpool, NY    * Lockport, NY    * london, NY    * Long Beach, NY    * Long Island City, NY   * Lowville, NY   * Lynbrook, NY   * Lyons, NY   * Macedon, NY    * Madrid, NY   * Mahopac,    * Malden on Hudson,    * Malone,    * Malverne,    * Mamaroneck,     * Manhasset,    * Manlius,    * Manorville,    * Margaretville,     * Maspeth,     * Massapequa,    * Massapequa Park,    * Massena,    * Mastic,     * Mechanicville,    * Medford,    * Medina,    * Melville,    * Merrick,     * Mexico,     * Middle Island,     * Middle Village,     * Middletown,    * Miller Place,     * Mineola, NY    * Monroe, NY    * Monsey,    * Montgomery   * Monticello,     * Montour Falls,    * Montrose,    * Moravia,    * Moriches,     *Morristown,     * Mount Kisco,     * Mount Morris    * Mount Sinai   * MountVernon, NY    * Mt Kisco, NY   * Nanuet, NY    * Naples, NY    * Nassau, NY    * Nesconset, NY    * New City, NY    * New Hampton,     * New Hartford,    * New Hyde Park,    * New Paltz,     * New Rochelle,    * New Windsor,    * New York,    * Newark,     * Newburgh,     * Niagara Falls, NY    * North Babylon,    * North Bellmore,     * North Collins,     * North Creek,     * North Merrick,     * North Tonawanda,     * Northport,    * Norwich,     * Nyack,    * Oakfield,    * Oakland Gardens,     * Oceanside,     * Ogdensburg,     *Old Westbury,    * Olean,     * Olivebridge,    * Oneida,    * Oneonta,    * Ontario,    * Orangeburg,     * Orchard Park,     * Ossining,     * Oswego,     * Otego,    * Ovid,    * Oyster Bay,     * Ozone Park    * Page,     * Parksville,     * Patchogue,     Patterson,     * Pawling,     * Pearl River,     * Peconic,     * Peekskill,    * Penfield, NY   * Penn Yan    * Pine Bush    * Pittsford, NY   * Plainview, NY    * Plattsburgh, NY   * Pleasant Valley, NY  * Pleasantville, NY    * Pomona, NY    * Port Chester, NY    * Port Jefferson, NY    *Port Jefferson Stati, NY    * Port Jefferson Station, NY    * Port Jervis, NY    * Port Leyden, NY    * Port Washington, NY    * Potsdam, NY    * Poughkeepsie, NY    * Pound Ridge, NY    * Pulaski, NY    * Putnam Valley, NY    * Queens Village, NY    * Queensbury, NY    * Quogue, NY    * Red Hook, NY    * Rego Park, NY   Rexford, NY    * Rhinebeck, NY    * Richfield Springs, NY    * Richmond Hill, NY    * Richville, NY    * Ridgewood, NY    * Riverhead, NY    * Rochester, NY    * Rock Hill, NY    * Rock Tavern, NY    * Rockaway Park, NY   * Rockville Centre, NY   * Rocky Point, NY    * Rome, NY    * Ronkonkoma, NY    * Roosevelt, NY    * Rosedale, NY    * Roslyn, NY    * Roslyn Heights, NY    * Rye, NY    * Sag Harbor, NY   * Saint Albans, NY    * Saint James, NY    * Salamanca, NY    * Sanborn, NY    * Saranac Lake, NY    * Saratoga Springs, NY    * Saugerties, NY   * Sayville, NY    * Scarsdale, NY    * Schenectady, NY    * Schoharie, NY    * Schroon Lake, NY    * Sea Cliff, NY    * Seaford, NY    * Selden, NY    * Seneca Falls, NY   * Shirley, NY    * Shoreham, NY    * Shrub Oak, NY    * Sidney, NY    * Silver Creek, NY    * Skaneateles, NY    * Slate Hill, NY    * Sleepy Hollow, NY    * Smithtown, NY    * Sodus, NY    * South Kortright, NY    * South Ozone Park, NY    * South Richmond Hill, NY    * South Salem, NY    * Southampton, NY    * Southold, NY    * Sparrow Bush, NY    * Spencerport, NY    * Spring Valley, NY    * Springville, NY    * Stamford, NY    * Staten Island, NY    * Stone Ridge, NY    * Stony Brook, NY    * Stony Creek, NY    * Stony Point, NY    * Suffern, NY    * Sunnyside, NY   * Swan Lake, NY    * Syosset, NY    * Syracuse, NY    * Tarrytown, NY    * Thiells, NY    * Thornwood, NY    * Ticonderoga, NY   * Tonawanda, NY   * Troy, NY    * Trumansburg, NY   * Tuckahoe, NY    * Tully, NY   * Tupper Lake, NY    * Unadilla, NY   * Union Springs, NY   * Uniondale, NY    * Utica, NY    * Valhalla, NY    * Valley Cottage, NY    * Valley Stream, NY    * Vestal, NY    * Victor, NY    * Voorheesville, NY    * Wainscott, NY    * Walden, NY    * Walton, NY    * Wampsville, NY    * Wantagh, NY    * Wappingers Falls, NY   * Warsaw, NY    * Warwick, NY    * Washingtonville, NY    * Waterloo, NY    * Watertown, NY    * Waterville, NY    * Watkins Glen, NY    * Waverly, NY    * Wayland, NY    * Webster, NY    * Wellsville, NY    * West Babylon, NY    * West Brentwood, NY    * West Harrison, NY    * West Hempstead, NY    * West Hurley, NY    * West Islip, NY  * West Nyack, NY    * West Seneca, NY   * Westbury, NY    * Westfield, NY   * Westhampton Beach, NY   * Westons Mills, NY   * White Plains, NY   * Whitesboro, NY    * Whitestone, NY    * Williamson, NY    * Williamsville, NY   * Williston Park, NY  * Wilson, NY    * Woodbury, NY    * Woodhaven, NY  * Woodmere, NY  * Woodside, NY   * Woodstock, NY   * Worldwide, NY  * Wurtsboro, NY  * Wyandanch, NY  * Wynantskill, NY    * Yonkers, NY * Yorktown Heights, NY  * Yorkville, NY   * Youngsville, NY

 

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